The fact that the value of the Hubble constant, defined for small volumes of space with an uneven distribution galaxies close to its value for large-sized areas in which galaxies are distributed evenly, confirms the independence of this constant on the density distribution of matter in space. In the area reduce the density of objects up to the limits of the positive values of accelerating their removal from the center of the space, the differences in the density of objects by value does not exceed one order, which is close to situation with the approximately equal density distribution of galaxies in the observable universe 2. Separation of galaxies from the “local group” and the Hubble flow can be explained as follows. Speed of movement galaxy contains random and systematic components. Random component – is a proper velocity of the galaxy is assumed independent of the distance to this galaxy. Systematic component – is rate associated with a decrease in the density distribution of galaxies due to their free walk, approximately linearly increases with distance. If the galaxies are located relatively close to each other, systematic component is less than random – the galaxies are moving in random directions. As the distance between galaxies, the magnitude of the systematic component increases – galaxies scatter.
If proposed an alternative hypothesis is true, then the laws of motion of galaxies should be observed: – The ratio of the rate of removal of the galaxy to the distance to it should decrease with an increase in this distance; – Acceleration of distant galaxies should be predominantly negative, positive values should be observed at large distances from the point of observation, at low, relatively constant values of the local Hubble constant values of this – in the observable universe (up to the borders of the positive values of acceleration removal) should be shown the spatial anisotropy of the density distribution of galaxies (in within one order) and the value of the Hubble constant (up to twofold decrease in the local Hubble constant). Sources: 1. Physics: Entsiklopediya. Ed. UV Prokhorov. – Moscow: Great Russian Encyclopedia, 2003. Continue to learn more with: Sam Lesser Penn. – 944 sec.: Ill.
Gravitational waves are not detected. There is some interaction, which is called gravity. Who does not prove that this interaction is not a consequence of known forces, such as electrical. Accordingly, all experiments, confirming, for example, gravipotentsial (Hafele-Keating experiment, GPS, etc.) can actually confirm the result of electrical forces. After all, who does not singled out the gravitational force is not determined that it is gravity and has not demonstrated that it was, it tackles the clock, and not some other force.
Try to create a model of mass without the gravitational field. This may not be inconsistent with other models, such as general relativity, but does not contradict other generally accepted theory. Try to determine what is required and that it will. 1) Use only well-known science of force – for example, that the electric force. 2) You want to force interaction by about 40 orders of magnitude smaller than the force of the electric aiming always at the attraction. 3) To obtain a force is necessary to differentiate the momentum over time.
Momentum depends on the speed of movement. That is, when differentiation of the pulse in time will inevitably arrive at the rate of differentiation over time. If all the speed in one inertial reference system (ISO), then all additions to the speed of the input linear. And the differential is linear combination of the derivative of the velocity and additives. If the rates for some reasons in different (ISO), the supplements to the rates included in the formula of addition of velocities.