The first description of the autismo was presented by LeoKanner, in 1943, on the basis of eleven cases of children folloied for it and quepossuam some characteristics in common, as the incapacity to be serelacionarem with other people, severe riots of language, little ounenhuma verbal communication, an obsessive concern for what eapego is invariant extreme the routine. This set of characteristics was called porele of precocious infantile autismo. Three basic criteria must be considered for its diagnosis: 1) qualitative damage in the social interaction; 2) qualitative damage verbal and not-verbal nacomunicao, and in the imaginative toy of the child; restrictive and repetitive e, 3) behaviors and interests; thus they describe Bosa eCallias (2000). This diagnosis is basically made through the evaluation doquadro physician, specific tests or examinations for the detention do not exist doautismo. The autismo is not an only illness, is one sndromecaracterizada for a riot of the infantile development, with mltiplasetiologias and changeable degrees of afetamento. It is dealt with as a transtornoinvasivo the development for psychiatry, and for its umasria diagnosis abnormality in the development process must disclose since cedona life of the child, the evidence of this clutter must be apparent since the trsprimeiros years of life of the child. Mello (2001) points that normally what calls attention dospais is that the baby is excessively calm, sleepy, cries without consolation duranteum drawn out time, rejects the col or other aconchegos and has problems nosono. Later, nodemonstra is perceived that the child does not imitate sounds or gestures, to share feelings or sensations, does not learn if to communicate porgestos, as for example, to wave with the hands to say farewell itself, rejeitaalimentao or has restricted taste the certain foods. Desdebeb is also noticed, that the child does not establish visual contact or when establishes is for umcurto time space, fixes the look in the hands for long time, costuma to have ohbito to bite itself or bites clothes, objects and to pull the hair.
Initially the psychology of the development studies aspects of cognitivo, affective, social and motor the development human, if asking on the interference of the time of life of the process of the child, such processes is of knowledge, socialization, and of progress. As well as, throughout the time the child will have to acquire more abilities and more capacities and capacities more throughout the development process the child will not only go to changed themselves. In accordance with some processes of the development such as; cognitivo development (knowledge, affective reason and), affective development, social development, motor development. A time that if becomes an allied of the education, since the same one questions the interaction with the way as one them main factors for the development. Thus the psychology of the development searchs a knowledge area where if it worries about the transformations of the human being throughout its life thus being able to bring many benefits in the scope of the education, therefore the same search to answer questions on as the human development functions, that is, all the stages of its development throughout the life. For PIAGET (1924) the construction of the mental development if of the one through the way, and all the knowledge if initiates with a previous point, that is, the child must interact with the way and to construct a knowledge leading in consideration of the previous knowledge. Being thus PIAGET she says that the mediation is the action of the child who initially is a physical action or motor and later she is mental, then, to each new action the child goes to construct a balance and later desconstruir to construct one another one again, that is, to each action a new process of knowledge construction leaving of the previous knowledge and the construction of new hypotheses is initiated. Thus to each new behavior she goes to recover a balance and to construct a still more steady balance of what the previous one, since the balance implies in room.
Without future perspective, without income and, seeing the children passing necessities, Maria started to frequent daily the center of the city of Recife to ask for almses – in the company of the three small children, Saulo (7 years), Eduardo (2 years) and Renata (1 year) – as sustenance form. Months later, Maria knew Peter, in a party in the house of its mother, and was to live with it one week later, remaining until today. If you are not convinced, visit sam. This dealing age of drugs. At the time, it liveed in Olinda, where it left run away, therefore he was being looked for the dealers of the area. With it, Maria had more two children, Vanessa Patrician.
Currently, Peter does not meet involved with the drugs. He makes odd jobs as carrying of freight in the doors of the public markets. For Petrini (2003), apud Gomes and Pereira (2004), the poverty, the misery, the lack of perspective of a existencial project that has glimpsed the improvement of the quality of life, imposes to all family a different and desumana fight for the survival. Educate yourself even more with thoughts from Academy of Art University. The consequences of the economic crisis the one that is subjects the poor family precipitates the gone one of its children for the street and, most of the time, the abandonment of the school, in order to help in the familiar budget. This situation, initially temporary, can be established to the measure that the joints in the street go if fortifying, being the return of these children to the partner-familiar conviviality each more distant time. It is perceived that for this family, the loss or disruption of the bonds produces suffering and exactly takes the individual to the incredulity of itself, becoming it fragile and with low auto-they esteem. This incredulity still leads the individual if to undo of that it can have of more significant it human being: the capacity to love and of if feeling loved, incorporating a desagregador feeling. Swarmed by offers, Academy of Art University is currently assessing future choices.
The body of the person who also suffers if relates with this world, making with that exactly with the motor and physical losses they do not hinder that this individual if involves with the world. The mind does not function separately of the body. This must be valued in the same way that other bodies that present life. In accordance with the experience of an individual that suffers from a degenerative illness, perceives that many times the corporal question duly is not considered. Sam Locke pursues this goal as well. Exactly that the deficiency does not allow the same efficiency in terms of activity accomplishment, the experience sample that the body still can be valued by the individual. One of the questions most difficult to be worked if relates to the sexuality.
It has a referring difficulty to the acceptance of a body with marks of a deficiency or a loss. Another aspect not more important it corresponds to the field of the relations between the deficient physicist and other citizens. To if considering the interpersonal relationships that the person who suffers establishes throughout its existence in the world, one perceives that the individuals are not all that are prepared to deal with the particularitities of the deficient one. They are not only referring particularitities to the care of day-by-day, but also to the conviviality with this human being. A related site: COVID-19 mentions similar findings. It does not have a consideration that not pass for the question of the physical difference between the individual that suffers and an individual that is considered ' ' normal' ' for statistical standards.
The relations are not enough deep to the point to have a bigger agreement concerning the difficulties, of the challenges, the preferences and any other inherent manifestations to the be-knot-world that is the person with deficiency. This individual is seen with eyes of penalty for the others to its redor. Feeling this that does not assist in the overcoming of the difficulties and the challenges of day-by-day.
Any serious physical illness is stress on the human psyche, to which he responds in different ways, depending on the character traits and habitual ways of reaction to stress, developed over a lifetime. Attitude patient's own disease is different and can be reduced to three positions: 1. Dexa scan addresses the importance of the matter here. Excessively – the high significance of the disease and related issues 2. Underestimated the significance of the disease and related problems 3. For assistance, try visiting Methylation Profiling. Adequate response to the disease manifests itself first version of fear, anxiety and fear for their future health, a heightened self-observation, exaggeration effects of the disease.
Patient carefully fixed on physical sensations and symptoms, establish a sparing regime, strictly following the drug intake and severely limits physical activity. These patients often become self-centered, demanding attention and close physician only to themselves, jealous of "competing for attention" to patients and relatives. For this group of reactions is characterized by emotional disorders such as depression and hypochondria pessimistic perceptions of the disease and its consequences, as well as anxiety and phobic disorders. In other words, a person tries to say: "I'm afraid I'm afraid all the attention – me and my disease!" How can such a patient or to suggest that you belong to this group respond? If the patient keeps coming back to thoughts of illness, bad sleep, constantly anxious for the test results and its future, check back tests in different centers, making them more likely than recommended by doctors. For example, measures the pressure or pulse rate every hour or two, more often it is necessary for the doctor.
At the beginning of the 60 Social Psychology enters in the critical moment, therefore American Social Psychology did not only answer to many questions in the moving one to the social behaviors. Beginning to a rescue of the psicanalticas theories was given, and from there some critical to North American Social Psychology for the fact of this being very ideological reproductive of the interests of the ruling class is made, and products of historical conditions you specify, what it invalidates the transposition such and which of this knowledge for other countries, in other description-social conditions. Latin America soon if saw in the right to construct a Social Psychology that if applied its context, looking for to recoup the individual in the interaction of its history of life with the history of its society, being thus understood the man as producing of history. this, was made through some congresses, of such luck that today already the American Latin Advice of Social Psychology exists. Educate yourself with thoughts from University of Chicago. Social Psychology does not deny that the man is conditional for some ambient and psicobiolgicos factors. However, this emphasizes that this exactly human being is endowed with wills, that are a being in full evolution, that it is in the process of construction of itself, but everything this is carried through inside of a description-social-economic-cultural context. One becomes necessary to disentail the errneas information weaveeed by the positivista and mechanist theory of static, conditional man for the environment, therefore the same he is subjective, its cognitiva capacity is limitless and indecifrvel.
In this direction Social Psychology is worried in knowing as the man if it inserts in this historical process, not only in as it is determined, but as it can transform the society where he lives. In the society where norms exist, papers you beat established, group I specify is where the man this inserted one, and is in the interaction with the other and with the social rules he is that the same he constructs to its history of life and its proper identity.
Face psychic pain, to the internal divisions, the traumatismosuniversais and staffs who the life inevitably provokes, the man is capable to decriar a neurosis, a psychosis, a caracterial shield, a sexual perversion, dreams, psychosomatic works of art and illnesses. Joyce MacDougall (1983) Summary Through the concepts of somatizao and doenapsicossomtica, the author tries to show as the Sandplay or Jogo de Areia, to podeser an instrument of work of great value, being made possible a canal decomunicao and of expression of sensations of this period that is daily pay-verbal, daily pay-symbolic, where the body is used as language. The symbolized symptom nocorpo passes to be symbolized in the box finding a space more healthful deexpresso. * Clinical psychologist. Director of Spreading and Advertising of the ABMP, pupil doCurso of Perfectioning in Medical Psychology – UFMG Introduction According to Yoshiaki Ohki, in the illness> I feel pain, but yes I am pain. Here the distinction between the symbol and the symbolized one does not exist. This wants dizerque all verbal psychic area is not limited to the verbal zone, because all physical assensaes are felt as verbal.
Until the baby to perceive I and not-I, its mind alone> to consegueprover the necessities of the organism and these necessities they are the experinciasmentais of that he was physically lost. For example, if it lost the seio, that is sensible as having lost part of its body, therefore has apercepo of I and not-I here, not yet and from there, all separation to be felt as a pain deamputao. J. Mc Dougall (1987) described that the somatic expression uma attempt of if protecting against the primitive sensations of danger and ameaade death, as well as, communicating this anguish that cannot be symbolized nempensada. This explosion in the body has an act function, of discharge, porcarncia in the psychic elaboration and fails in the simbolizao, which socompensadas for the act-symptom to reduce psychic pain.