Month: March 2018
Figure Borelli studies influenced the eighteenth-century physicians who believed in the movement as the immediate expression of life. Among them, Federicus Hoffmann was who did most to restore the importance of exercise in hygiene in the handling and in daily life. During this time began to be the first serious physiological studies on therapeutic exercise. Nicolas Andry in 1723 wrote a thesisentitled “Is moderate exercise the best way to stay healthy “. Clement Joseph Tissot (1750-1826) published a book called medicinale Gymnastique et chirugicale, much like today’s, which breaks with the classical doctrine to recommend surgical patients mobility and employee mentions massage so regulated under different conditions, emphasizing knowledge of anatomy to prescribe therapeutic exercise and analyzes the movements of manual activities and crafts.Physics provides important steps in this century, there were fresh knowledge of acoustics, heat molding and electrical phenomena. During the last quarter century multiplied studies on the nature of electricity, the Leyden jar allowed to keep the electricity for later use Benjamin Franklin stated the principle of conservation of electricity and the nature of lightning showed John Walsh identity of the electrical current from the torpedo fish and the Leyden jar, and Cavendish and Coulomb established measures between electric currents. The most relevant studies were undoubtedly those of Luigi Galvani and Alessandro Volta who discovered several tests that electricity can cause muscle contraction. Naturalistic ideas influenced many Enlightenment philosophers of the time physicians who recognized the healthful benefits of outdoor life and of moderate exercise, as well as water curative actions.Hydrotherapy, one of the important aspects of the Hippocratic therapeutics, in the eighteenth century enjoyed a great boom in Europe in its different forms. In this sense, some doctors like Jonh Floyer, Vincent Perez and von Hildebrandt dedicated their efforts to highlight the therapeutic possibilities of water. In Germany Hanh Sigmund (1696-1773) and his son Johan S. Hanh was against classical to manage water febrile patients, both taken as cold outside. Hufeland Christoph (1762-1836), German physician Hippocrates not stressed the importance of marine and heliotherapy bath for tuberculosis patients. In Spain, Pedro Gomez Bedoya published Universal History of the mineral springs of Spain in the listed properties of 214 springs. At the end of this century return to interest in the therapeutic properties of sunlight, through the efforts of men like Jean-Baptiste Faure, Leretre, Leconte and Richard Russell.Studies were carried out on treatment because of the weather, considering both general and air components and wind. Air was studied physical properties and their relationship to the onset or persistence of certain diseases and their role in the evolution of surgical wounds.
The participants had carried through the research in the academy school of the ASCES (Association Superior Caruaruense de Ensino) during the month of March of 2010. Procedures of analysis The collection of data was lead in four days alternating. In the first day a test for the determination of the maximum load in 1RM in the superior member was carried through. In as the day (48 hours after the first evaluation), procedure for the inferior member was carried through the same. In the third day (72 hours after as the day) individuals had been submitted to the tests of 10 repetitions, 75% of the load of 1RM for exercises for superior members and in the room day for inferior members for the gauging of the DP (SHOVELS x FC), of SHOVELS and PAD. When arriving at the place of the test, the individuals were seated in a chair where they had remained per five minutes in rest, and thus had been surveyed the values of the corporal mass, stature, (SHOVELS), (PAD) (FC). After the antropomtricos and hemodinmicos procedures, the participants had been guided on the procedures of the test in the exercises agachamento, leg-press 45, crucifixo and peck-deck. The individual located in the first device, that was chosen of random form, and executed 10 repetitions, with a load equivalent 30% of 1RM, as heating form.
After five minutes had been carried through 10 repetitions 75% of the load of 1RM. The values of (FC) (SHOVELS) had been surveyed (PAD) simultaneously, immediately before the beginning of the movement and between penultimate and the last repetition with the individual in the proper device. This procedure was taken leading in account that the biggest values of the answers of (SHOVELS), (PAD) (FC), happens probably during the two last repetitions of a series. For the measure of the Par, it considered as sistlico value, the first phase of the sound of Korotkoff and as diastlico value the fourth phase.