Month: January 2014

New Economic Policy

January 7, 2014


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Directorate of the Soviet Economy After the Civil War and launched the New Economic Policy talent fully shifted to the construction of Soviet economic bases. He was Commissioner of Finance from 1922 to 1926. Initially formed a triumvirate with Yevgeni Preobrazhensky (which became his opponent as completely opposite ideas posited) and the U.S. educated economist PM Krasnoshchekov, who became head of the Industrial Bank (Prombank). Sokolnikov uniquely finished exercising office when Preobrazhensky vision was discarded and their proposals were approved: the new financial policy established a firm monetary system, structuring a healthy budget with tax dollars and progressive strengthening of the banking and state cr.Since before the war, the Tsarist government had been increasing emissions of money, which increased during the World War and later during the civil war when the government revolucinario went to the same formula to ensure military operations. Sokolnikov found that the general peace could not endure the extreme inflation reached the Conditions by which severely affected the lives of workers. Interrelated reforms with the need to consolidate the Russian revolution, so that the European proletariat could avoid another world war or to advance the international revolution. In the eleventh party congress (March-April 1922) had to discuss in depth with Preohrazhenskii, Strumilin, Krasin and Larin and stated that the “printing of money is the opium of the people.” Congress set up a committee to prepare a final thesis based on Sokolnikov. Sokolnikov believed that the state banking system was the crucial lever for the economy right direction.The Gosbank founded in January 1922 in Moscow, opened 21 branches, which reached 389 in 1924. also urged a network of banks: industrial, agricultural, cooperative, regional … supremaci a of Gosbank under which a central bank gold reserves increased and stabilized the monetary amsa. At the beginning of 1922, the emission of money covered 95 percent of state spending at the end of the year the figure fell to 35 percent and for May 1923 to only 16 percent. In 1924 emissions were stopped money. The Soviet state had for the first time with a stable currency.Sokolnikov listed the achievements during these years: “The organization of the Commissariat of Finance, the creation of a budget deficit not strong, the natural tax settlement and organization of a system of taxes and monetary income, the introduction of modernity firm, the creation of a system of banking institutions led by the state central bank, the organization of the cr operations of the state (short-term and long term loans), differentiation of the central state and local budgets , the introduction of the discipline and financial responsibility.

Creek, More On The Subject

January 4, 2014


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For Mal Kikuchi 2/11/09 The Creek is an open sewer. Today, 4,800,000 people are living with 350.000m3 organic and industrial waste dumped into the river per day. Also coexist with 105 dumps found. Exist near the Riachuelo is unhealthy. Stream pollution is a pending issue that adds to the national state, 14 municipalities in the province and the city of Buenos Aires. This debt is greater than the political apathy towards the Creek and the people living nearby, has a long history. Too long. “Little River, River of Querand es, chuelo Rio, Rio de Buenos Aires. .. Was born in the district of Las Heras, where Castro and Cobey streams join to form at the pace of Horqueta, the Matanza river, changing its name in the bridge and renamed Ferris Creek ” . (Martin Cagliani) The course has an 80 km, is a river plain with low speeds and flows into the Rio de la Plata. So the district is at the mouth of the Riachuelo is called “La Boca”. In 1536, during the first founding of Buenos Aires by Pedro de Mendoza, the chronicler of the expedition, Ulrich Schmcalls him “Little River” and Ruiz Diaz de Guzman was an “Creek bridges.” 1536. Diego de Mendoza, brother of the governor Don Pedro, went upriver with 22 soldiers and they were all killed by the Querandis, inhabitants of the area.Since then, he christened the “Place of Slaughter” and the Indians became the “Matanzas” 1541. The Spanish are forced by the Querandis to leave, it regains its landscape. Since 1580, the second foundation of Buenos Aires, until 1810, the Creek and people coexist in harmony. 1810. Begin work Creek pipeline, commissioned by the First Board and establishing the first salting and tanning. 1811. The First Board, concerned “about the stench” of the Riachuelo, promises clean. Not met. 1813. The Assembly Year VIII ordered that the tanneries and the salting of the banks of the Riachuelo. Not met. 1822. Rivadavia, government minister of the province of Buenos Aires, ordered 40 yards of space to leave free of all construction in the stream bank in its entirety.Prohibit the installation of tanneries and salting. Not met. 1830. Time of Roses. It is prohibited to dump waste Creek slaughter. Not met. 1868. Miter president in Buenos Aires cholera thrives. Alsina provincial governor, prohibits the Riachuelo dump waste. The order lasts only 2 months. 1871. Sarmiento President, with the appearance of yellow fever, the blame rests with the decay of the Brook, as a cause of infection. 1871. For fear of cholera and yellow fever, the Chamber of Deputies of Buenos Aires, orders Creek channel and clean. Not met. Provincial governor Emilio Castro. 1875. President Avellaneda, provincial governor, Carlos Casares. Far and fear and control pests, reopening the installation of factories on both sides. 1884.Roca president, provincial governor, Dardo Rocha. Refrigerator is installed “La Negra”. The river loses oxygen, therefore, life. Pollution begins to exceed the resilience of river. And yet, the polluter is just organic. 1891. Presidency of Carlos Pellegrini.


January 1, 2014


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But you can go the other way – to make the cabinet with the side elements. And there "to settle" all the necessary "stuff". To have on hand, and the door once just do not have to "worry". What about doors for closet in the hallway – it is better if it is a full-length mirror. Visually enlarge the room, and will always be in front than povertetsya and tidy himself up. Built-In lighting will also improve appearance of the room, got rid of a lack of lighting. And of course, your taste and the overall style of the home tells the desired design and color. Closet in the living room – rather, it is decoration and maintenance of the set of interior tone (or its creation).

But the function of storing items and thus did not decrease. Cabinet in the living room may not look just like a normal cupboard. You can supplement it with various elements: bunk shelves lateral extensions, lockers, etc. Indeed, in addition to light clothing (which should take "dead" part) in the seating closet can accommodate TV, stereo, dishes, many interior gizmos. And the place to be better to "open", is visible.

Closet for the bedroom is almost the same as for the living room, with only a few amendments. Doors should be done with glass, interior shelves – more, in the open sessions is not necessary, but the side extension can 'leave'. And do not forget that the bedroom – a special room for rest and sleep. And because the style and color should contribute to all this. In what room did not have your wardrobe, the design shall necessarily be easy. Therefore, pay special attention to internal design, first determine the external dimensions. Inside break all the space for the required number of sections and fill it with various number of necessary elements: Shelves, containers, baskets, hanging clothes, props, lighting, etc. Harmony must be not only within but also outside. Wardrobe, you can choose absolutely any style and design. But he certainly must fit in the existing furniture. Now on the market a huge amount of material finishes, fittings and all kinds of additional elements of the decor. Decide everything your taste. However, everything else should pay particular attention to quality. Materials to choose poekologichnee, poprochnee. The same is true for the guide for sliding doors and features opening mechanism, which depends on the reliability and maintenance-free durability operation wardrobe. When selecting the manufacturer and pay attention to "quality" characteristics.