Human spine – a supporting element of the skeleton. The spine consists of vertebrae and the cartilage layers – the intervertebral discs. In humans, the spine is composed of 33-34 vertebrae. Each vertebra consists of a body, arcs and three processes (spinous, transverse and articular). The upper limit of vertebral arch vertebral foramen, and the processes of cementing the vertebrae together and keep the muscle. Openings vertebrae and form the spinal canal, which is the spinal cord. Intervertebral discs act as shock absorbers, and soften the impact and friction.
The slightest violation of this structure entails a breach in the spine. One of the most frequent diseases of the spine is osteochondrosis. Osteochondrosis – the destruction of intervertebral discs. According to statistics from osteochondrosis affects about 90% of people. There are several types of degenerative disc disease. Depending on the affected areas are distinguished osteochondrosis of the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral spine. The main symptoms of degenerative disc disease – back pain and its surrounding areas, the crunch of the neck and in other parts of the spine.
Other common disease of spine – scoliosis. Scoliosis – a deviation of the spine from its normal state, in other words scoliosis – a curvature of the spine. Are 4 degrees of scoliosis, depending on the deflection angle spine. The symptoms of scoliosis are: visual deviation from the axis of the spine, headaches (arising from the compression of intervertebral discs nerve root) pain in the surrounding regions of spine. If scoliosis is left untreated, serious consequences for the organism – that bronchial asthma, and prostate and other serious diseases.