Tag: health and beauty
The effect of diabetes are particularly deleterious in the fabrics that depend on insulina; that is, weaveeed that they cannot diminish the glucose captation when the glucose extra-cellular it increases. The resultant increase of the intracellular glucose concentrations in such fabrics that they include the hemcias, the crystalline lens and the nerves can lead the macrovascular illness (aterosclerose) and the microvascular complications, also nefropatia, retinopatia and neuropatia (acometimento of the nerves). Although the necessary mechanisms for the development of these delayed complications not to be established, the admittedly important factors currently are the abnormalitys in multiple metabolic ways that cause cellular damage in the fabric-target. (BARRETT et al, 2004). Diabetes is the more common isolated cause of terminal renal insufficience (IRT) in the Europe and the United States. The diabetic nefropatia represents 40% of the new cases of IRT in the United States. Professor Roy Taylor shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand. Diabetes figure as the main cause of new cases of blindness in adults com20 a74 years of age.
In more than 60% of the patients with diabetes type 2 observes retinopatia in the two first decades of the illness. Finally, 2% of the patients are blind and approximately 10% after develop serious visual deficiencies about 15 years of the beginning of diabetes. Diabetes is the main cause of traumatic amputation of inferior member for neuropatia. Diabetes comparativily increases the frequency of amputation of the inferior member of 15 a40 times to the population without diabetes. (BARRETT et al, 2004). Cataract: it is of the senile type, that occurs more precociously and more frequently in the diabetic ones of type 2. Glaucoma: it is of raised occurrence more in the diabetic ones, mainly of type 2. Dermopatias: hipercrmicas spots in legs; ' ' necrobiose lipodica iabeticorum' ' ; piodermites; micoses. Miocardiopatia: it has increase of the heart with hipofuno (ICC), resultant of injury of the miocrdicos capillaries.
Beyond what it was mentioned, had verified in the whole world substantial falls in the fecundidade and the natality, which had mainly to the modern contraceptive methods. In Brazil, between 1960 and 1980, it had a 33% fall in the fecundidade, the taxes had fallen of 5,1 in 1970, for 2,2 in 1998 (TEIXEIRA, 2002, p.101). In accordance with, Bodachne (1998), aging can be understood as a continuous dynamic process, where it has diverse modifications, the aging tends to generate functional insufficience e, as consequncia, has a loss of the capacity of adaptation of the individual to the environment and greater incidence of pathological processes that finish for conduziz it the death. The process of the aging is marked by some physiological and psychological alterations. In this direction, Siqueira (2002), tells that the individual confrots itself with changes in the physical conditions, psychological and social typical of this period of the life, but its necessities remain the same ones of when it was young.
For Figueiredo and Tonini (2006), the majority of the aged ones if perceives with little hair and white hair; spots and rugas in the skin; hearing and vision problems; deficit in the muscular force and others. According to Blacksmith (1990), to the measure that the age advances, it is natural that the diminished people tend to be each time more, physically and mentally, in consequncia its familiar dependence or of services of the community it increases, being able to create social difficulties and complex problems of assistencial character. Zimerman author (2000), speaks that the society stipulates that the image of an elderly is boat, sad, gotten depressed, however, for it, the old one is that one that has diverse ages: the age of its body, its history, genetics, of the linking with its society. The aged population is if seeing with other eyes in the present time, Zimerman (2000), told that today, with the farmacolgico advance, the improvement in the life conditions and the biggest concern of illnesses with good feeding, physical exercises, as walked and other activities, the aging is happening in more advanced age.
The participants had carried through the research in the academy school of the ASCES (Association Superior Caruaruense de Ensino) during the month of March of 2010. Procedures of analysis The collection of data was lead in four days alternating. In the first day a test for the determination of the maximum load in 1RM in the superior member was carried through. In as the day (48 hours after the first evaluation), procedure for the inferior member was carried through the same. In the third day (72 hours after as the day) individuals had been submitted to the tests of 10 repetitions, 75% of the load of 1RM for exercises for superior members and in the room day for inferior members for the gauging of the DP (SHOVELS x FC), of SHOVELS and PAD. When arriving at the place of the test, the individuals were seated in a chair where they had remained per five minutes in rest, and thus had been surveyed the values of the corporal mass, stature, (SHOVELS), (PAD) (FC). After the antropomtricos and hemodinmicos procedures, the participants had been guided on the procedures of the test in the exercises agachamento, leg-press 45, crucifixo and peck-deck. The individual located in the first device, that was chosen of random form, and executed 10 repetitions, with a load equivalent 30% of 1RM, as heating form.
After five minutes had been carried through 10 repetitions 75% of the load of 1RM. The values of (FC) (SHOVELS) had been surveyed (PAD) simultaneously, immediately before the beginning of the movement and between penultimate and the last repetition with the individual in the proper device. This procedure was taken leading in account that the biggest values of the answers of (SHOVELS), (PAD) (FC), happens probably during the two last repetitions of a series. For the measure of the Par, it considered as sistlico value, the first phase of the sound of Korotkoff and as diastlico value the fourth phase.
METHODOLOGY qualitative Work of exploratrio bibliographical matrix in which it looks for to trace the trajectory on the aged one, family, the changes in the cycle of familiar life, breakings in aged, finally carried through one brief communication on the cares in the prevention of breakings provoked for falls, using as base national literatures. DEVELOPMENT the population aging comes folloied of degenerative chronic illnesses with incapacities and deficiencies, becoming necessary the evaluation of the behavior of the functional capacity of the patient aged, since it is essential for the diagnosis, prognostic and clinical judgment (BRAZIL, 2006). As Brazil (2006) the raised incidence of falls in aged is one of the pointers of this trend observed in the oldness. It must be faced as one of the most important symptoms in geriatria. The family is a natural group that through the times has development standards of interactions, standards this that constitute the familiar structure, that in turn governs the functioning of the members familiar. According to Papalo Grandson; Oak Son (2006) the falls are events found in all the population, being very frequent in aged individuals. They are not inevitable consequences of the aging, but when they occur, they signal the beginning of the fragility or announce an acute illness, beyond being important cause of injury, incapacity and death.
Although the majority of the falls does not result in important physical damage, they can cause an irreparable psychological reply and lead to morbidade mortality significant. In the two extremities of the life the fall occurrence is frequent, but it has meant distinct. While in infancy it marks the acquisition of mechanisms that go to guarantee the position and the locomotion, in the oldness indicates the deterioration of these systems, emphasizes (WEDGE; GUIMARES, 2004). For Netina (2003) diverse normal alterations related to the age exist, that happens in all the main systems of the body, being able to present itself at distinct moments for different people.
Clinical ALPHA TALASSEMIA Picture and I diagnosis Carrying Laboratoriais assintomtico: when an alpha chain is only reduced. Case does not have symptoms in this. Talassmico trace when two chains alpha are reduced. It does not have symptoms in this case but the hemograma presents a microctica anemia. Illness of Hemoglobina H: when three chains alpha are reduced. In this in case that, the patients present hemoltica, esplenomegalia anemia, esquelticas alterations had eritropoiese increased Hidropsia Fetal: when four chains alpha are reduced. Cause premature childbirth, hepatomegalia extreme and fetal death.
It is an incompatible type with the life. Clinical TALASSEMIA BETA Picture and I diagnosis Laboratorais Characterized for the deficiency in the production of chains beta. It is classified in two types: minor (or talassmico trace beta) and major (or anemia of Cooley). Talassmico trace beta: they are patient heterozigotos. Generally they are assintomticos. They can simply be with absence of chains beta (talassemia minor zero) or a reduction in the production of chains beta (talassemia minor +) Anemia de Cooley: they are patient homozigotos. With severe anemia. Clinical TALASSEMIA DELTA Picture and I diagnosis Laboratoriais About 3% of the hemoglobina of the adult it is made of chains alpha and delta.
As well as with talassemia beta, it can occur mutations that affect the ability of this gene to produce chains delta.tt Treatment the treatment ' ' standard' ' of the carrying patients of bigger talassemia it basically consists of regular transfusions of blood to each 3 or 4 weeks, associates to the use of the quelantes of iron (medications that on account remove the excess of accumulated iron of the blood transfusions). ANEMIA FALCIFORME falciforme Anemia hereditary illness (it passes of the parents for the children) characterized by the alteration of red globules of the blood, becoming them similar to a scythe, from there the falciforme name. This condition is more common in individuals of the black race.