Tag: health and beauty
Ana Alice Silva de Melo Gisane Cavalcante Fernandes 1 Felizane Mendes and Silva Jeanne Kelly Birth Souza Maria Lindinalva Ninos Bastos Maria Teresa Teixeira Xavier Would carry It to Introduction of numbers 2616/98 of the Health department defines as hospital Infection that one acquired during the internment or after the high one of the patient, since whom she has relation with the internment or some related procedure, and also that one that if presents 72h of internment after. To if analyzing some aspect in set she obtained to characterize the hospital infection. The clinical signals are basic in the daily evaluation of the 1 Graduandos in Nursing – College San Francisco de Barreiras – FASB. interned customers, mainly if these are in treatment of some infectious illness and antimicrobials use. The interest to search and to study on the infections hospital was born with the sprouting of the industries in the age of the government of Kubitschek, where, one occurred occasions of Staphylococcus Aureus. Causing in health professionals the interest to study and to search on the contamination of the environment, the care with the garbage and the reduction of the contamination of air. (MS, 2000). Cancer Research describes an additional similar source. The first course of university level was created in the decade of 70, for the professionals of the National Institute of Social Providence, who were worried about the hospital infections. In this same time, the Hospital of Ipanema instituted 1 Commission of Control of Hospital, composed Infection for a surgeon, a physician, a bacteriologist, a nurse and a epidemiologista, with the intention to better know its indices of hospital infection and to install efficient strategies for its control (COAST, 1995). The infection in the neonatal period consists in one of the great concerns of pediatra, for being recognized difficult pathology of and being proven, to be simultaneously serious and to present mortality indices.
It disciplines of Physiology Human being. SUMMARY the objective of this article is to revise the theories and evidences of the neurofiolgicas bases of the obsessive-compulssivo upheaval, using study works that investigate the farmacolgicos neuroanatomia, neuroimagem, genetics, imunologia, psicocirrgia and treatments. The compulsory behavior as resulted of obsessions that occupy at least one hour per day of the individual, reaching about 2% of the general population. The causes are define for: neuroanatmicas disfunes, genetic aspects and imunolgicas hypotheses. Lung cancer will not settle for partial explanations.
The treatment is composed two-piece: one based in the mannering cognitivo accompaniment and the other is farmacolgico and for refractory cases, the psicocirrgia. With the inclusion of new technologies it is possible to not only determine upheaval through the analysis of (SOC) the obsessive-compulsory symptoms, however to prove them for examinations as (IRM) the images for magnetic resonance, rectifying the analysis. Word-key: obsessive-compulsory obsessive-compulsory upheaval, neurofisiolofia, symptoms, neuroanatomia, neuroimagem. RSUM Le but of cet article est d’ to examiner les thories et les preuves neurophysiologiques bases DES obsessionnel-compulsif, en utilisant l’ travail tude du d’ instruction woollen neuroanatomie, there neuro-imagerie, gntique, immunologie traitements, psychochirurgie et pharmacologiques. Le comportement compulsif to suite DES obsessions qui occupent au moins joins heure pair there jour of l’ individu, qui touche environ woollen 2% population gnrale. Les you cause sont dfinies pair DES dysfonctionnements neuro-anatomiques, gntiques et immunologiques hypothses.
It is standed out performance of Florence Nightingale for elaborating practical of control epidemiologist in the prevention and control of the infectious illnesses. They had been implemented, already at this time, the procedures of asepsis, antissepsia, disinfection, sterilization and antibioticoterapia; procedures such that they last until the current days. The comment and attention to the emotional state of the human being, the relations interpersonal, the comfort and well-being and the conditions offered for the environment are component essential for the recovery and promotion of the individual that requires cares of health. Factors as fear, pain, procedures, individuality, lack of privacy and lack of dialogue are example of negative interpersonal relations that intervene with the energy and deplete the individual giving sensation of solitude and mutilation. According to ROZARIO et. Al. (2005), ambient factors as the treatment in adjusted, calm, clean and cool place they are factors that positively stimulate the promotion and recovery of the health.
The comfort and well-being must always be prioritized by the team that gives the cares of health. According to BOCK et. Al. (2009), light, heat, calm and the adjusted choice and administration of the diet also understand factors that imply directly in the health of the individual. The authors explain that Nightingale gave the physical environment for exerting critical influence in the balance of the organism. 9. Process of Nursing in the Treatment of the Pulmonary Tuberculosis the Systematization of the Assistance of Enfermagem (SAE) 9.1.
Description According to SMELTZER et. Al. (2009), it is important to make a survey of the complete history of the individual acometido with TB, as well as the physical examination. To observe manifestations of fever, anorexy, nocturnal loss of weight, sudorese, fatigue, cough and production of escarro. To evaluate the respiratory pulmes and sounds and to palpar linfonodos. 9.2. Diagnosis of Nursing HISSES et. Al. (2007) it standes out the following disgnostic through the clinical manifestations of the patient: Inefficacious respiratory standard? Nutrition modified related to the ingestion below of the corporal necessities? Deficit of the knowledge related to the lack of orientation concerning the illness?
The effect of diabetes are particularly deleterious in the fabrics that depend on insulina; that is, weaveeed that they cannot diminish the glucose captation when the glucose extra-cellular it increases. The resultant increase of the intracellular glucose concentrations in such fabrics that they include the hemcias, the crystalline lens and the nerves can lead the macrovascular illness (aterosclerose) and the microvascular complications, also nefropatia, retinopatia and neuropatia (acometimento of the nerves). Although the necessary mechanisms for the development of these delayed complications not to be established, the admittedly important factors currently are the abnormalitys in multiple metabolic ways that cause cellular damage in the fabric-target. (BARRETT et al, 2004). Diabetes is the more common isolated cause of terminal renal insufficience (IRT) in the Europe and the United States. The diabetic nefropatia represents 40% of the new cases of IRT in the United States. Professor Roy Taylor shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand. Diabetes figure as the main cause of new cases of blindness in adults com20 a74 years of age.
In more than 60% of the patients with diabetes type 2 observes retinopatia in the two first decades of the illness. Finally, 2% of the patients are blind and approximately 10% after develop serious visual deficiencies about 15 years of the beginning of diabetes. Diabetes is the main cause of traumatic amputation of inferior member for neuropatia. Diabetes comparativily increases the frequency of amputation of the inferior member of 15 a40 times to the population without diabetes. (BARRETT et al, 2004). Cataract: it is of the senile type, that occurs more precociously and more frequently in the diabetic ones of type 2. Glaucoma: it is of raised occurrence more in the diabetic ones, mainly of type 2. Dermopatias: hipercrmicas spots in legs; ' ' necrobiose lipodica iabeticorum' ' ; piodermites; micoses. Miocardiopatia: it has increase of the heart with hipofuno (ICC), resultant of injury of the miocrdicos capillaries.
Beyond what it was mentioned, had verified in the whole world substantial falls in the fecundidade and the natality, which had mainly to the modern contraceptive methods. In Brazil, between 1960 and 1980, it had a 33% fall in the fecundidade, the taxes had fallen of 5,1 in 1970, for 2,2 in 1998 (TEIXEIRA, 2002, p.101). In accordance with, Bodachne (1998), aging can be understood as a continuous dynamic process, where it has diverse modifications, the aging tends to generate functional insufficience e, as consequncia, has a loss of the capacity of adaptation of the individual to the environment and greater incidence of pathological processes that finish for conduziz it the death. The process of the aging is marked by some physiological and psychological alterations. In this direction, Siqueira (2002), tells that the individual confrots itself with changes in the physical conditions, psychological and social typical of this period of the life, but its necessities remain the same ones of when it was young.
For Figueiredo and Tonini (2006), the majority of the aged ones if perceives with little hair and white hair; spots and rugas in the skin; hearing and vision problems; deficit in the muscular force and others. According to Blacksmith (1990), to the measure that the age advances, it is natural that the diminished people tend to be each time more, physically and mentally, in consequncia its familiar dependence or of services of the community it increases, being able to create social difficulties and complex problems of assistencial character. Zimerman author (2000), speaks that the society stipulates that the image of an elderly is boat, sad, gotten depressed, however, for it, the old one is that one that has diverse ages: the age of its body, its history, genetics, of the linking with its society. The aged population is if seeing with other eyes in the present time, Zimerman (2000), told that today, with the farmacolgico advance, the improvement in the life conditions and the biggest concern of illnesses with good feeding, physical exercises, as walked and other activities, the aging is happening in more advanced age.
The participants had carried through the research in the academy school of the ASCES (Association Superior Caruaruense de Ensino) during the month of March of 2010. Procedures of analysis The collection of data was lead in four days alternating. In the first day a test for the determination of the maximum load in 1RM in the superior member was carried through. In as the day (48 hours after the first evaluation), procedure for the inferior member was carried through the same. In the third day (72 hours after as the day) individuals had been submitted to the tests of 10 repetitions, 75% of the load of 1RM for exercises for superior members and in the room day for inferior members for the gauging of the DP (SHOVELS x FC), of SHOVELS and PAD. When arriving at the place of the test, the individuals were seated in a chair where they had remained per five minutes in rest, and thus had been surveyed the values of the corporal mass, stature, (SHOVELS), (PAD) (FC). After the antropomtricos and hemodinmicos procedures, the participants had been guided on the procedures of the test in the exercises agachamento, leg-press 45, crucifixo and peck-deck. The individual located in the first device, that was chosen of random form, and executed 10 repetitions, with a load equivalent 30% of 1RM, as heating form.
After five minutes had been carried through 10 repetitions 75% of the load of 1RM. The values of (FC) (SHOVELS) had been surveyed (PAD) simultaneously, immediately before the beginning of the movement and between penultimate and the last repetition with the individual in the proper device. This procedure was taken leading in account that the biggest values of the answers of (SHOVELS), (PAD) (FC), happens probably during the two last repetitions of a series. For the measure of the Par, it considered as sistlico value, the first phase of the sound of Korotkoff and as diastlico value the fourth phase.
METHODOLOGY qualitative Work of exploratrio bibliographical matrix in which it looks for to trace the trajectory on the aged one, family, the changes in the cycle of familiar life, breakings in aged, finally carried through one brief communication on the cares in the prevention of breakings provoked for falls, using as base national literatures. DEVELOPMENT the population aging comes folloied of degenerative chronic illnesses with incapacities and deficiencies, becoming necessary the evaluation of the behavior of the functional capacity of the patient aged, since it is essential for the diagnosis, prognostic and clinical judgment (BRAZIL, 2006). As Brazil (2006) the raised incidence of falls in aged is one of the pointers of this trend observed in the oldness. It must be faced as one of the most important symptoms in geriatria. The family is a natural group that through the times has development standards of interactions, standards this that constitute the familiar structure, that in turn governs the functioning of the members familiar. According to Papalo Grandson; Oak Son (2006) the falls are events found in all the population, being very frequent in aged individuals. They are not inevitable consequences of the aging, but when they occur, they signal the beginning of the fragility or announce an acute illness, beyond being important cause of injury, incapacity and death.
Although the majority of the falls does not result in important physical damage, they can cause an irreparable psychological reply and lead to morbidade mortality significant. In the two extremities of the life the fall occurrence is frequent, but it has meant distinct. While in infancy it marks the acquisition of mechanisms that go to guarantee the position and the locomotion, in the oldness indicates the deterioration of these systems, emphasizes (WEDGE; GUIMARES, 2004). For Netina (2003) diverse normal alterations related to the age exist, that happens in all the main systems of the body, being able to present itself at distinct moments for different people.
Clinical ALPHA TALASSEMIA Picture and I diagnosis Carrying Laboratoriais assintomtico: when an alpha chain is only reduced. Case does not have symptoms in this. Talassmico trace when two chains alpha are reduced. It does not have symptoms in this case but the hemograma presents a microctica anemia. Illness of Hemoglobina H: when three chains alpha are reduced. In this in case that, the patients present hemoltica, esplenomegalia anemia, esquelticas alterations had eritropoiese increased Hidropsia Fetal: when four chains alpha are reduced. Cause premature childbirth, hepatomegalia extreme and fetal death.
It is an incompatible type with the life. Clinical TALASSEMIA BETA Picture and I diagnosis Laboratorais Characterized for the deficiency in the production of chains beta. It is classified in two types: minor (or talassmico trace beta) and major (or anemia of Cooley). Talassmico trace beta: they are patient heterozigotos. Generally they are assintomticos. They can simply be with absence of chains beta (talassemia minor zero) or a reduction in the production of chains beta (talassemia minor +) Anemia de Cooley: they are patient homozigotos. With severe anemia. Clinical TALASSEMIA DELTA Picture and I diagnosis Laboratoriais About 3% of the hemoglobina of the adult it is made of chains alpha and delta.
As well as with talassemia beta, it can occur mutations that affect the ability of this gene to produce chains delta.tt Treatment the treatment ' ' standard' ' of the carrying patients of bigger talassemia it basically consists of regular transfusions of blood to each 3 or 4 weeks, associates to the use of the quelantes of iron (medications that on account remove the excess of accumulated iron of the blood transfusions). ANEMIA FALCIFORME falciforme Anemia hereditary illness (it passes of the parents for the children) characterized by the alteration of red globules of the blood, becoming them similar to a scythe, from there the falciforme name. This condition is more common in individuals of the black race.