METHODOLOGY qualitative Work of exploratrio bibliographical matrix in which it looks for to trace the trajectory on the aged one, family, the changes in the cycle of familiar life, breakings in aged, finally carried through one brief communication on the cares in the prevention of breakings provoked for falls, using as base national literatures. DEVELOPMENT the population aging comes folloied of degenerative chronic illnesses with incapacities and deficiencies, becoming necessary the evaluation of the behavior of the functional capacity of the patient aged, since it is essential for the diagnosis, prognostic and clinical judgment (BRAZIL, 2006). As Brazil (2006) the raised incidence of falls in aged is one of the pointers of this trend observed in the oldness. It must be faced as one of the most important symptoms in geriatria. The family is a natural group that through the times has development standards of interactions, standards this that constitute the familiar structure, that in turn governs the functioning of the members familiar. According to Papalo Grandson; Oak Son (2006) the falls are events found in all the population, being very frequent in aged individuals. They are not inevitable consequences of the aging, but when they occur, they signal the beginning of the fragility or announce an acute illness, beyond being important cause of injury, incapacity and death.
Although the majority of the falls does not result in important physical damage, they can cause an irreparable psychological reply and lead to morbidade mortality significant. In the two extremities of the life the fall occurrence is frequent, but it has meant distinct. While in infancy it marks the acquisition of mechanisms that go to guarantee the position and the locomotion, in the oldness indicates the deterioration of these systems, emphasizes (WEDGE; GUIMARES, 2004). For Netina (2003) diverse normal alterations related to the age exist, that happens in all the main systems of the body, being able to present itself at distinct moments for different people.