Clinical ALPHA TALASSEMIA Picture and I diagnosis Carrying Laboratoriais assintomtico: when an alpha chain is only reduced. Case does not have symptoms in this. Talassmico trace when two chains alpha are reduced. It does not have symptoms in this case but the hemograma presents a microctica anemia. Illness of Hemoglobina H: when three chains alpha are reduced. In this in case that, the patients present hemoltica, esplenomegalia anemia, esquelticas alterations had eritropoiese increased Hidropsia Fetal: when four chains alpha are reduced. Cause premature childbirth, hepatomegalia extreme and fetal death.
It is an incompatible type with the life. Clinical TALASSEMIA BETA Picture and I diagnosis Laboratorais Characterized for the deficiency in the production of chains beta. It is classified in two types: minor (or talassmico trace beta) and major (or anemia of Cooley). Talassmico trace beta: they are patient heterozigotos. Generally they are assintomticos. They can simply be with absence of chains beta (talassemia minor zero) or a reduction in the production of chains beta (talassemia minor +) Anemia de Cooley: they are patient homozigotos. With severe anemia. Clinical TALASSEMIA DELTA Picture and I diagnosis Laboratoriais About 3% of the hemoglobina of the adult it is made of chains alpha and delta.
As well as with talassemia beta, it can occur mutations that affect the ability of this gene to produce chains delta.tt Treatment the treatment ' ' standard' ' of the carrying patients of bigger talassemia it basically consists of regular transfusions of blood to each 3 or 4 weeks, associates to the use of the quelantes of iron (medications that on account remove the excess of accumulated iron of the blood transfusions). ANEMIA FALCIFORME falciforme Anemia hereditary illness (it passes of the parents for the children) characterized by the alteration of red globules of the blood, becoming them similar to a scythe, from there the falciforme name. This condition is more common in individuals of the black race.