When it is thought about Sigmund Freud, then comes the association of the name with the Psychoanalysis that was its creation. The concept of unconscious is intrinsic to the Psychoanalysis, in way that if was to all summarize in a word knowing psicanaltico, this word would be the unconscious one. Freud elaborates the psicanaltica theory in the end of century XIX and first half of century XX. The unconscious one penetrates in the culture occidental person and science, however being used to understand some signals of the human behavior, however being banalizado and ignored for the psychology of the conscience. At the same time where Freud is enaltecido by its ousadia in creating a new science, also it is escorraado and criticized for that they had not accepted the psychoanalysis. However, it can be hated and be contested Freud and everything what it represents for the history of knowing after-modern, but is necessary to admit its necessity for the understanding of the society and the human psiquismo.
It looked for in this text to point out the sprouting of the psychoanalysis in historical context philosophical, where Freud lived, Victorian Vienna of the end of century XIX, whose spirit is marked by a great faith in the science, illuminated for the lights of the reason, of the rationality; The freudiano paper and concept unconscious its in the interior of the psychic device, as well as its forms of manifestation in the conscience through the acts defective, encobridoras souvenirs and dreams. 1. The CONTEXT OF the SPROUTING OF KNOWING PSICANALTICO the Psychoanalysis is the science created for Sigmund Freud little more than the one hundred years. Freud was a Jewish doctor, neurologist and psychiatrist of Vienna of the second half of century XIX. To understand the historical and philosophical context of the sprouting of the psychoanalysis is very important, therefore the psychoanalysis did not appear of the nothing.