Figure Borelli

March 28, 2018


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Figure Borelli studies influenced the eighteenth-century physicians who believed in the movement as the immediate expression of life. Among them, Federicus Hoffmann was who did most to restore the importance of exercise in hygiene in the handling and in daily life. During this time began to be the first serious physiological studies on therapeutic exercise. Nicolas Andry in 1723 wrote a thesisentitled “Is moderate exercise the best way to stay healthy “. Clement Joseph Tissot (1750-1826) published a book called medicinale Gymnastique et chirugicale, much like today’s, which breaks with the classical doctrine to recommend surgical patients mobility and employee mentions massage so regulated under different conditions, emphasizing knowledge of anatomy to prescribe therapeutic exercise and analyzes the movements of manual activities and crafts.Physics provides important steps in this century, there were fresh knowledge of acoustics, heat molding and electrical phenomena. During the last quarter century multiplied studies on the nature of electricity, the Leyden jar allowed to keep the electricity for later use Benjamin Franklin stated the principle of conservation of electricity and the nature of lightning showed John Walsh identity of the electrical current from the torpedo fish and the Leyden jar, and Cavendish and Coulomb established measures between electric currents. The most relevant studies were undoubtedly those of Luigi Galvani and Alessandro Volta who discovered several tests that electricity can cause muscle contraction. Naturalistic ideas influenced many Enlightenment philosophers of the time physicians who recognized the healthful benefits of outdoor life and of moderate exercise, as well as water curative actions.Hydrotherapy, one of the important aspects of the Hippocratic therapeutics, in the eighteenth century enjoyed a great boom in Europe in its different forms. In this sense, some doctors like Jonh Floyer, Vincent Perez and von Hildebrandt dedicated their efforts to highlight the therapeutic possibilities of water. In Germany Hanh Sigmund (1696-1773) and his son Johan S. Hanh was against classical to manage water febrile patients, both taken as cold outside. Hufeland Christoph (1762-1836), German physician Hippocrates not stressed the importance of marine and heliotherapy bath for tuberculosis patients. In Spain, Pedro Gomez Bedoya published Universal History of the mineral springs of Spain in the listed properties of 214 springs. At the end of this century return to interest in the therapeutic properties of sunlight, through the efforts of men like Jean-Baptiste Faure, Leretre, Leconte and Richard Russell.Studies were carried out on treatment because of the weather, considering both general and air components and wind. Air was studied physical properties and their relationship to the onset or persistence of certain diseases and their role in the evolution of surgical wounds.