Beyond what it was mentioned, had verified in the whole world substantial falls in the fecundidade and the natality, which had mainly to the modern contraceptive methods. In Brazil, between 1960 and 1980, it had a 33% fall in the fecundidade, the taxes had fallen of 5,1 in 1970, for 2,2 in 1998 (TEIXEIRA, 2002, p.101). In accordance with, Bodachne (1998), aging can be understood as a continuous dynamic process, where it has diverse modifications, the aging tends to generate functional insufficience e, as consequncia, has a loss of the capacity of adaptation of the individual to the environment and greater incidence of pathological processes that finish for conduziz it the death. The process of the aging is marked by some physiological and psychological alterations. In this direction, Siqueira (2002), tells that the individual confrots itself with changes in the physical conditions, psychological and social typical of this period of the life, but its necessities remain the same ones of when it was young.
For Figueiredo and Tonini (2006), the majority of the aged ones if perceives with little hair and white hair; spots and rugas in the skin; hearing and vision problems; deficit in the muscular force and others. According to Blacksmith (1990), to the measure that the age advances, it is natural that the diminished people tend to be each time more, physically and mentally, in consequncia its familiar dependence or of services of the community it increases, being able to create social difficulties and complex problems of assistencial character. Zimerman author (2000), speaks that the society stipulates that the image of an elderly is boat, sad, gotten depressed, however, for it, the old one is that one that has diverse ages: the age of its body, its history, genetics, of the linking with its society. The aged population is if seeing with other eyes in the present time, Zimerman (2000), told that today, with the farmacolgico advance, the improvement in the life conditions and the biggest concern of illnesses with good feeding, physical exercises, as walked and other activities, the aging is happening in more advanced age.